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Evolution of Water Purification Technologies in 2024

  • March 23, 2024

As we step into the year 2024, the world of water management is witnessing rapid changes to meet the challenges of a swelling population, rapid climate change, and technological advancements. The growing awareness of the need for water safety, fueled by government initiatives, the scale of urbanization, and the extensive pollution of water bodies are some of the factors driving the need for water purification systems.

In such a scenario, water purifiers have morphed into a household necessity and when coupled with the swift technological advancements, the water purification technology is poised to embrace the latest technologies and grow by leaps and bounds. In this blog, we examine the latest technologies and emerging technologies, which are reshaping the water purification world.

Clear water has been considered fit for drinking since the beginning of civilization and ever since fire was invented, water has been boiled to make it safer. Even though microbe identification in water took place in the 17th century, it would take another two centuries for the evolution of water purification to effectively remove pathogens from water, with the introduction of chlorine. However, the by-products produced by chemical treatments are harmful to the body and carcinogenic. UV treatment which uses a light emitting source like a UV lamp, to transmit ultraviolet radiation which moves in all directions like waves, was a better solution.

It does not have harmful chemicals and does not alter the taste and smell of water. The first known drinking water UV disinfection system was used in 1910 in France. Before that in 1903, Niels Fensen received the Nobel prize for his use of ultraviolet light to combat tuberculosis It was in the 1960s that this application gained popularity and has found commercial applications globally.